CurrencyPay is an easy to use payment solution that offers your customers multiple checkout methods including financing at the point of sale. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. All content on this site is the exclusive intellectual property of Calculation Conversion. This easy-to-use online calculator will save much time letting you solve mathematical tasks quicker. You can use this online scale conversion calculator to convert the size of an actual object to a scaled size and vice versa. Vdot Calculator and Training Paces. Oakridge's Proportion | Ratio - "In Scale" Modeling Conversion Chart "In Scale" is the relationship between the size of two items. com you can easily calculate model size or model scale. 4 millimeters:. Just enter a value in one of the boxes below, select your conversion units from the two drop-down lists and see the result. The recipe converter tool can be used to help you multiply, divide, scale, or portion your recipes to a desired yield or serving size. This is an online scale length converter that calculates the actual length and the scale length according to the scale ratio. The conversion is computed against numerical correlations based on empirical data. To convert that to a percentage, we move the decimal point to the right two spaces, giving us a percentage grade of 89%. Celsius = Reaumur ÷ 0. Latitude and Longitude Converter is a tool to convert gps coordinates to address, and convert address to lat long. The Steroid Conversion Calculator converts steroid dosages using dosing equivalencies. To obtain the scale factor of an Engineering drawing scale: Multiply the feet of the desired scale by 12. Extract and convert embedded raster images from PDF files. You can also add the real size and scaled size to find the scale factor. For example if you want to convert 100 inches to millimeters jut type “100 inches” in the box Lenght to Convert and then click Convert. Chart of Commonly Used Scale Equivalents Metric English 1:12 1"=1’. Re: scale conversions If anyone is interesting i derived this little formula: If you are increasing your paper size then the scale factor is 2^(0. 0 mS/cm x 700 makes 700 ppm. Here is the link: LEGO UNIT CONVERTER. How to Calculate Architectural Scales. To find your new scale you simply multiply it by (1 / scale factor). 0 = B = 80 2. scale conversion calculator These Javascript devices calculate the scaled length (the output) when you enter the length of an object (the input) and a scaling factor (the scale). Feet, Inches, Pounds, Centimeters And Kilograms. Converterin is a good-looking unit online metric and measurement converter. The Canadian GPA grade calculation has 12 percentage ranges as shown below in the conversion chart. Share Paper size. Note that I have provided the ability to provide the weights in Metric as well as English. Celsius to Fahrenheit Conversion. Main (GIS Tools) Home. Enjoy! The grading scale used for letter grades is as follows:. To convert your raw ACT scores to scale scores, you'll need to find the score chart for your specific test. A map is a represantation on a surface, of objects minimized in specific proportion, like roads and geographical shapes on the Earth. Survey response scales can be embedded in the survey (1–5, 1–10, etc. QuickGrade is the easiest grade calculator around! Use this tool to make grading stacks of tests a snap. 1"=60' 1. 00 Low Average 84 14 Low Average 83 13 375 38 -1. Selecting your instrument also calculates the bridge position for proper intonation. • Select the unit of measure from the list below it. 4 inches (10 mm) across and still fit the entire solar system on the roll. Calculate scale, distance on the map or real distance on Earth. This converter allows to transform measured lengths on maps and scaled drawings to lengths in reality. Scale Calculator. gif convert pattern:gray50 -scale 36 scale_gray_mag. A full list of unit conversions is available at unitconverters. The Diabetes Forum - find support, ask questions and share your experiences with 305,007 people. You may include commas and a decimal point. Scale Conversion Calculator. In this case, the linear input of 5. File Size Calculator. 1"=20' 1:240. To use the calculators, please follow these steps: Click mouse in a box. Please note that this tool is only intended to provide a first orientation and the results are in no way binding. For example 1″=50′ scale would be 50×12 = Scale Factor 600. Determine doses when converting a patient from one opioid to another. Vickers, Brinell, Rockwell, Meyer and Leeb). Percentage Calculator is a free online tool to calculate percentages. You may also want to convert an annual salary to an hourly wage. For example: HO scale is 1:87, that is one inch on the model to 87 inches in the real world. Width: Enter the width of the camera in pixels. The Canadian GPA grade calculation has 12 percentage ranges as shown below in the conversion chart. Lego Scale Converter How much is: LDU studs plates bricks 32x32 baseplates 48x48 baseplates millimeters centimeters inches feet yards meters kilometers miles fig centimeters fig inches fig feet fig yards fig meters fig kilometers fig miles Fig scale: mini technic Jack Stone duplo blah blah. Henry’s NMRA Rolling Stock Car Scale Weight Calculator. 5 and above (ie, 95. Kilograms to Pounds Conversion Calculator, Conversion Table and How to Convert. Also check out our tire size calculator and tire size comparison pages for a more detailed tire conversion. If you need to convert an ingredient that isn't in this table, the safest thing to do is to measure it with a traditional measuring cup and then weigh the results with a metric scale. ASTM E 140 - 97, September 1999, Conversion for Non-Austenitic Steels, Table 1. Currency Converter. Model Space Drawing Unit. The free Opioid Calculator (the "Calculator") provided by Remedy Health Media LLC (the "Company"), and all information contained therein, is solely for use by trained medical professionals who are experienced in the calculation of doses of opioids based on currently published conversion factors and. You asked to convert linear to logarithmic, and you just plug the numbers into the formula. Architectural: inch: Engineering: foot. Real Size for N scale: mm. net is an Atlanta based national seller of Industrial, Commercial, Home & Kitchen Scales, Lab Balances and Scales Parts & Accessories. 0 scale is not necessarily as simple as saying a 95 on a 100-point scale is a 4. This calculator is designed to assist you with power usage amounts, when converting from one power form to another using a DC to AC inverter. Included are all the scales listed by the NMRA (National Model Railroad Association). To start, simply type the value of currency to convert in the amount box. Select which conversion approach you wish to use: a. Intermediate duration: half-life 12 - 36 hours. Enter a temperature for an instant °C to °F conversion - there is no need to press submit! This calculator accepts values using both scales and so, if required, can be used to convert temperatures in Fahrenheit back to Celsius. and scale forming may Conversion Calculator. com Common Length and Distance Conversions. Determine doses when converting a patient from one opioid to another. The following conversion calculator and the conversion table at the end of this post do not incorporate refractometer conversion factor. Solar System Calculator (Adam Johnston, Weber State University) This is a VERY simple javascript routine for scaling your very own solar system. The ratio calculator performs two types of operations: Solve ratios for the missing value when comparing ratios or proportions. 39 = 25 inches. Website to be updated shortly. dB calculator - Explanation of dB and decibel. There are three popular temperature scales used in math and science. doing conversions from oh-so-complicated. Welcome to OnlineConversion. Please note that this tool is only intended to provide a first orientation and the results are in no way binding. Click ‘Convert’ to convert. The calculator will return two. This is going to be a lifesaver for me! These are conversion charts I use as part of my scale model workflow. Your train is moving at: scale miles per hour. For example: HO scale is 1:87, that is one inch on the model to 87 inches in the real world. In short, the scale factor is the relationship between our printed units and our drawing units. To start the conversion process click "Convert" button. Significant Severe Storms in the Plains; Tropical Systems in the Gulf and Atlantic. For example, you may have reached an advanced stage in your drawing, only to have a client, supervisor, or design committee request that you submit your plan in a different scale. ft, from one measuring system to another, such as from ozf. File-Converter-Online. Percentage Calculator. Use our salary conversion calculator. This way more detail is preserved compared to desaturating an image or using averages. Hardness Conversion Calculator are for Austenitic Stainless Steel and formulas as per ASTM E140. Just enter your basic pay details and get your revised pay as per the recommendations of 7th Pay Commission. re: pdf to dwg converter to scale Keep in mind that in the content stream for PDF files the coordinates are often rounded to a low as two decimal places (for minimum file size). Salary Converter. On a scale model instruction, it is written that the length is 10 cm, the width is 8 cm, and the height is 5 cm. 3785 ml=1 gallon. Inches to millimeters (in to mm) conversion calculator and how to convert. Some inaccuracies in the original kit gear have been corrected but the mounting points remain identical to the factory parts. 1"=30' 1:360. Share Paper size. File Size Calculator. Our calculators allow you to convert between Weight, Volume, and Temperature Conversions. The formulas for the perimeter P and the area A of the rectangle are used to write equations as follows: P = 2 * L + 2 * W. Now, we take that percentage, and convert it into a letter grade. UMS converter. You should understand the logic behind how these are used and how they should appear on real topographic maps. Measurements can differ and vary from spoon to spoon. It is not a replacement for a professional contact lens fitting by a qualified eye care practitioner. AQI Calculator - AQI Calculator. Weight conversion calculator for metric and imperial units including Kilograms, ounces and Pounds. Update April, 2013: Now supports Plato and SG for inputs and reports apparent attenuation, calories, and the OG/FG in both sugar scales. To convert that to a percentage, we move the decimal point to the right two spaces, giving us a percentage grade of 89%. Each scale has its uses, so it's likely you'll encounter them and need to convert between them. This tool calculates VDOT, Jack Daniels' performance-based VO 2 Max index for runners. The default is 1/87. Architects, designers, hobbyist model makers - Quickly calculate measurements for your scaled models with this app. For other units, please use the length converter. A full list of unit conversions is available at unitconverters. To do so, I need to translate real world measurements into scale and into mm. The calories equation is independent of the ABV equation, and is derived from ["Caloric Content, Beer-33" in: American Society of Brewing Chemists, 1992, Methods of Analysis of the ASBC. This tool will show you where your UMS sits within the grade boundaries for your unit. All you have to do is save this page. Use Digi-Key’s electrostatic capacitance conversion calculator to quickly perform conversions between capacitance units including pF, µF, nF, and F. To convert that to a percentage, we move the decimal point to the right two spaces, giving us a percentage grade of 89%. Engineering. Metric conversions and US customary units - online metric converter calculator and tables for unit measurements including temperature, weight, volume, area, length, plus currency converter, fractions & more by Science Made Simple. Italian average GPA converter: Hi guys, I noted that for italian grades in 110 scale this doesn't seems to work well. 5 ml=1 teaspoon. I searched for a free video converter to convert my files to AVI or MP4 and I have discovered your website! Now I convert all my files easily and I can watch them with my family on the TV screen. If you've calculated your height and want to work out your BMI, give the BMI calculator a try. Inches to cm converter. com Common Length and Distance Conversions. Gleason Scale; Hormone Unit Conversion Calculator. Grading on a line: Converting percentages to the UW grading scale Sharon Hargus and Laurie Poulson Nothing is as traumatic and anxiety-provoking as grading, for instructors and students alike. Just fill in one field and the calculator will convert the other two fields. A3 to A1 is 2^(0. Then, straighten the string out and hold it against the bar scale or a ruler! If you don't have a piece of string, you can just mark off the units of distance as best as you can along the curves! That's what I've done on this map! I've marked off miles (taken from the bar scale) in red. Calculator. Aspect ratio affects our perception of movies significantly – it’s hard to ignore an image that’s stretched or compressed. For example, a statement might be “Caravaggio was a brilliant painter,” and the survey-taker has a set of choices like “Strongly Agree,” “Agree,” “Neutral,” “Disagree” and “Strongly Disagree. ) into its equivalent stated in all other common periodic terms. In Euclidean space, it’s how far 2 specific points are from each other. CONVERTING RECIPES FOR CONVECTION OVENS. Unweighted GPA Scale: Most colleges and school report GPA on a 4. Additionally, you can reduce the PDF file size by changing the quality parameter. com Common Length and Distance Conversions. The grade percentage is calculated by dividing the earned points by the total points possible. 0 scale GPA. Online Math Calculators and Unit Converters. JavaScript Scale Factor Calculator (assuming paper space drawing unit is one inch) Drawing Scale. Conversion Calculator also lets users specify the maximum number of digits in a number as well as the number of decimal places. Scale & Gauge. This calculator accepts both numerical as well as letter grades. 5 and above (ie, 95. Now, we take that percentage, and convert it into a letter grade. 0 GPA scale that should work for most people. Scale drawings Before studying this lesson about scale drawings,you should review solving proportions Since it is not always possible to draw on paper the actual size of real-life objects such as the real size of a car, an airplane, we need scale drawings to represent the size like the one you see below of a van. Between these two temperatures a scale is made. If the time scale to which you are converting uses a double to represent the time value, you may loose precision even though the double supports a range that is larger than the range supported by the Universal Time Scale. QuickGrade is the easiest grade calculator around! Use this tool to make grading stacks of tests a snap. Interactive metric conversion calculator used to convert between various units of measurement. Common Length and Distance Conversions ; Length or Distance Converter; Martindale's Calculators On-line Center (more calculators than you may ever need). Grade Converter. Use our Tire Size Calculator to find the suggested tire size specs for your vehicle. For example 1″=50′ scale would be 50×12 = Scale Factor 600. With our calculator you can easily discover the size needed for a myriad of popular train scales, as well as a few less popular scales. 375 There is no conversion needed for the Foot value To covert inch to decimal = inch/12 To convert a fraction = numerator/denominator. There have been many standard sizes of paper at different times and in different countries, but today there are two widespread systems in use: the international standard (A4 and its siblings) and the North American sizes. The free Opioid Calculator (the "Calculator") provided by Remedy Health Media LLC (the "Company"), and all information contained therein, is solely for use by trained medical professionals who are experienced in the calculation of doses of opioids based on currently published conversion factors and. Scale Conversion Calculator - Convert Measurements to a Scaled Size Scale a measurement to a larger or smaller measurement, which is useful for architecture, modelling, and other projects. What is % of ? % is what percent of ? % What is the percentage increase. Enter values into Magnitude and Angle or X and Y. Temperature measurement is the major exception to the ratio number scale. This GPA calculator finds your grade point average with the use of either a 4. Included are all the scales listed by the NMRA (National Model Railroad Association). 1/2" = 1'-0" has a scale factor of 24 The drawing must get (way) larger, so 360 divided by 24 = 15x or 1500%. For example, a statement might be “Caravaggio was a brilliant painter,” and the survey-taker has a set of choices like “Strongly Agree,” “Agree,” “Neutral,” “Disagree” and “Strongly Disagree. Percentage Calculator. Free math lessons and math homework help from basic math to algebra, geometry and beyond. Resolution scale calculator Calculate resolution downscaling options for video editing. Numbers In the Metric system unwieldy small and large numbers can be represented using words. 0 65-69 Upper-second class honours 3. These are some of the more popular ones: 3mm - used for hair roller large scale small table top gaming. dBs are brilliant and fun and make radio and signal level calculations a lot easier. We feature beginner and advanced help on all model railroading scales, including layout track plans, model railroad product reviews, model train news, and model railroad forums. Currency converter to convert from Vietnamese Dong (VND) to Euro (EUR) including the latest exchange rates, a chart showing the exchange rate history for the last 120-days and information about the currencies. Don't forget to pick the correct ingredient as weight to volume conversion result depends on the substance. org is an online conversion tool which helps you to convert Metric and Imperial units easily. For other units, please use the length converter. Note: Fill in one box to get results in the other box by clicking "Calculate" button. A tool to calculate and convert between physical size, perceived size, and distance of an object. And for a 10-bit A/D converter the precision of the A/D converter is 1/1024 of the full scale of the analog signal. Area Calculator. Whilst every effort has been made in building this area converter, we are not to be held liable for any special, incidental, indirect or consequential damages or monetary losses of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use of the converter tools and information derived from the web site. PDF to DWG Stand-Alone Version: PDF to DWG Converter Stand-Alone, a stand alone application which allows you to convert PDF files to DWG or DXF files in few easy steps. MAP SCALES & UNITS. Visit to see yearly, monthly, weekly and daily pay tables and graphs. Metric to Metric - online unit converter Free and accurate metric conversion Convert units of weight, length, temperature, volume and fuel consumption with this fast and easy online unit converter. 54 = 165 centimeters. Inside Circumference. A calculator to simplify converting between figure scales Original size: Original scale: 1: 54 mm 32 mm 28 mm 25 mm 20 mm 15 mm (scale) 15 mm (actual) 10 mm 6 mm (scale) 6 mm (actual) O scale (UK) O scale (Eur) O scale (USA) S scale OO/HO scale N scale (UK) N scale (Eur) Z scale life size. The Fahrenheit and Celsius scales coincide at -40°. Main (GIS Tools) Home. If you convert to multiple image formats simultaneously, the converter will generate zip file containing your images in the desired format. If you have a remainder, round the number to the nearest integer. Model Railroad Speed Calculator: Select your Scale ; Select distance your consist has (or will) travel; Use the timer, or enter number of seconds to travel this distance. All you need to do is take the GPA under the 6. This way more detail is preserved compared to desaturating an image or using averages. There's no set standard, but according to Fullbright US UK Commission, here's the comparable scale to convert UK grades to a 4. This is a collection of temperature conversion formulas and comparisons among eight different temperature scales, several of which have long been obsolete. Choose your file from Computer, Google Drive, Dropbox, URL or by dragging it on the page and wait for. Compress, edit or modify the output file, if necessary. 1"=10' 1:120. This feature includes the following tools. 1:24 Conversion Chart created by: PrettySmallThings Find the original on Thingiverse Feet Inches Total Inches In Scale (Inches) In Scale (mm). This application was born out of the need for a custom (for military modelling) scale calculator that could be run on the desktop. Convert your files to PDF right now — free!. Online calculator to convert inches to centimeters (in to cm) with formulas, examples, and tables. Conversion Calculator. Solar System Calculator (Adam Johnston, Weber State University) This is a VERY simple javascript routine for scaling your very own solar system. Converting your GPA to a 4. Click on the menu items above to view the scale converter tool for various modelling genres such as Aircraft, Armor, Ships, Trains and Cars. Converterin is a good-looking unit online metric and measurement converter. Get live exchange rates, historical rates & charts for EUR to USD with XE's free currency calculator. For quaternions, it is not uncommon to denote the real part first. Main (GIS Tools) Home. American Piping offers this handy conversion calculator for converting the hardness measures of steel pipe using Brinell, Rockwell, and Tensile values. This tire size converter will come in handy more than this one time. The site also includes a predictive tool that suggests possible conversions based on input, allowing for easier navigation while learning more about various unit systems. Converting Between Scale Types. Area, volume, length/distance, cooking, time, and more. In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC, A/D, or A-to-D) is a system that converts an analog signal, such as a sound picked up by a microphone or light entering a digital camera, into a digital signal. Use this military time converter and invite your friends over at 1600 hours! For more information about military time (army clock) and military time conversions, check out our Military Time Chart below. Use this recipe converter and scaler to easily resize a recipe to serve as many portions as needed, as well as to convert units from imperial to metric and vice versa. Temperature Converter. Convert GPS Coords. If a baby is 64 centimeters long, what is her length in inches? 64 centimeters x 0. NSPS performing employees should not be penalized by 50% of their Jan pay increases. These are the main methods to convert a drawing from Imperial to Metric units, or from Metric to Imperial units, in AutoCAD. Full currency converter. And this can be done with no changes or. This scale calculator is a free tool to calculate different scale conversions common to military modelling. Converterin is a good-looking unit online metric and measurement converter. Use GUI Scale / Offset Converter and thousands of other assets to build an immersive game or experience. Use the tools to calculate and measure the square foot, square yard, or square inch volume of any given area, based on total width and length. Warp speeds in the original series were based on a different scale. If you’re still a bit confused, this Scale Conversion Calculator from Jimbob-Wan allows you to calculate the scale size accurately. Select from a wide range of models, decals, meshes, plugins, or audio that help bring your imagination into reality. (doc, xls, ppt. The Steroid Conversion Calculator converts steroid dosages using dosing equivalencies. These are some of the more popular ones: 3mm - used for hair roller large scale small table top gaming. Conversion factors can be determined by measurement or mathematically if units have some common origin. The top grade is an A, which equals 4. Fortunately, the conversion formulas are si. Calculate scale, distance on the map or real distance on Earth. 0 mS/cm x 700 makes 700 ppm. Grade Calculators. If you build your solar system on a roll of toilet paper, you can make the Sun about. Investment Offering Calculator. It is not very intuitive scale which is why many people want to see their IQ percentile or rarity, which is what our IQ percentile calculator above is ideal for. If you have a remainder, round the number to the nearest integer. Food Weight Scale with Nutritional Calculator: Detailed nutrition facts displayed by APP like Calories, Protein, Fat, Vitamin, etc. Recipe Converter Tool. inches feet: Prototype Size:. If you've calculated your height and want to work out your BMI, give the BMI calculator a try. 5' 3" to 160 cm). Scale model calculator does not need to be installed, just unpack the executable from the zip file and run it. to help you prepare meals and know nutrients of certain. 0 mS/cm x 700 makes 700 ppm. Our unit converter app is one of the most lightweight productivity app on the market with only 2. This GPA calculator finds your grade point average with the use of either a 4. For more recent exchange rates, please use the Universal Currency Converter. At a map scale of 1:100000, 1 kilometer on the ground is equivalent to 1 millimeter on the map. Long duration: half-life > 48 hours. The unit for resistance or impedance. Calculator Use. Chart of Commonly Used Scale Equivalents Metric English 1:12 1"=1’. Use this calculator to quickly convert a temperature from Celsius (°C) to degrees Fahrenheit (°F). 33 GPA Scale. Break down your wage into hourly, monthly or annual income and more. Units can be converted in measurement size, such as from ozf. ico into any image format and size. Enter values into Magnitude and Angle or X and Y. Carefully cut out the scales and mount on either side of the board. For Printers and scanners, the individual points of color are often called 'dots' rather than pixels, but the concept remains the same as the stadium. Resistance can define the relationship between voltage and current and voltage and power. CONVERT COORDINATES BOOKMARKLET. Unlike other calculators, it does not convert multiple values at once. To do so, I need to translate real world measurements into scale and into mm. Notes: 1) Standard ball only. Choose your file from Computer, Google Drive, Dropbox, URL or by dragging it on the page and wait for. Enter a temperature for an instant °C to °F conversion - there is no need to press submit! This calculator accepts values using both scales and so, if required, can be used to convert temperatures in Fahrenheit back to Celsius. Enter a temperature for an instant °F to °C conversion - there is no need to press submit! This calculator accepts values using both scales and so, if required, can be used to convert temperatures in Celsius back to Fahrenheit. The converter can therefore also be used to normalize a rotation matrix or a quaternion. 1"=20' 1:240. Pressure Unit Conversion Calculator: PSI: in H2O: in Hg: mm H2O: mm Hg: kg/sq cm: kPa: Steven L Henderson's Cutting Edge Designs. We pride ourselves in having an experienced, courteous and knowledgeable staff to provide you with the best expert advice in Digital Scale products. Online Document Converter makes it possible for anyone to convert Word, Excel, PowerPoint. All you need to do is take the GPA under the 6. Hardness Converter for Steel. If using percentage grading scale, you must provide what percent is the lowest "A". Otherwise leave curve radius blank. Men's Shoe Size Men's American, UK, European, Australian, Canadian, Japanese, Chinese and Mexican shoe sizes converter chart. Euler angles can be defined with many different combinations (see definition of Cardan angles). The dimensions of the room on the plans measure 20mm X 18mm. 7th Pay Commission Pay Scale Calculator as per 7th CPC Notification (Revised Basic Pay Calculator as per 7th CPC Gazette Notification) We are presenting a simple tool to convert your basic pay from 6th CPC to 7th CPC as on 1. Theromophysical Data. This is an online scale length converter that calculates the actual length and the scale length according to the scale ratio. CurrencyPay is an easy to use payment solution that offers your customers multiple checkout methods including financing at the point of sale. Quick, free, online unit converter that converts common units of measurement, along with 77 other converters covering an assortment of units. The converter is also very useful to learn more about colors and color models because you can compare how a certain color is composed with different color models. It can be seen that for a 4-bit a/D converter, the precision of the A/D converter is 1/16 of the full scale of the analog signal. The Reaumur scale is based on the Celsius scale where the freezing point of water is "0" and the boiling point of water is defined as "80" degrees. While you can find many standard conversion factors (such as "quarts to pints" or "tablespoons to fluid ounces"), life (and chemistry and physics classes) will throw you curve balls. 1:24 Conversion Chart created by: PrettySmallThings Find the original on Thingiverse Feet Inches Total Inches In Scale (Inches) In Scale (mm). JavaScript Scale Factor Calculator (assuming paper space drawing unit is one inch) Drawing Scale. Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. Read more here about dpi and bit depth. Scale a measurement to a larger or smaller measurement, which is useful for architecture, modelling, and other projects, our online scale length converter that calculates the actual length and the scale length according to the scale ratio. Whenever you need to supply your height in centimetres rather than feet and inches here is very helpfull height converter. Convert from scale to actual (real) size. Convert to Actual: This button will convert the Scale Size (Model) to Actual Size (Real World) using the scale you have chosen from the Scale list.